How to Read a Title Commitment

What is a Title Commitment?

A Title Commitment (also known as a Preliminary Report in some areas) is a dated formal report that sets out in detail the conditions under which a policy of title insurance would be issued on a particular parcel of land. Its sole purpose is to facilitate the issuance of the policy.

Within a short time after a title order has been opened, the matters of record relative to the issuance of the title insurance policy on the subject property have been assembled in the title search and examined by skilled technicians. This is the time when the Title Commitment is prepared and sent to the customer.

The report reflects the matters which would be shown as exceptions in a policy of the title insurance so that the parties to the transaction will be aware of any of those matters of record that may need to be cleared prior to the closing of the transaction. This report is issued before the title policy—hence the name Title Commitment.

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How to Read a Title Commitment

Those matters shown in the report are as follows:

  1. The estate or interest covered.
  2. The record owner of the estate or interest.
  3. A legal description of the parcel of land covered.
  4. Requirements and Notes
  5. The easements, liens, encumbrances and other matters which affect the title to the land at the date and time of the report.

Members of the Washington Land Title Association (WLTA) use the type of report explained on the eBook below. The investigation of title is normally limited to the public record, with no reference to off record matters. All references to specific property, dollar amounts, documents, and individual and corporate identification are fictional and for the purpose of educational sample only.

A Guide to Reading the Title Commitment

How To Read A Title Commitment

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